Wood Description
Useful For
Wood Sample 

Softwoods of North America

Southern Yellow Pine

The wood has a distinctive colour and grain, its sapwood ranging from white to yellowish and heartwood from yellow to reddish-brown. It combines looks, strength, and extreme ease of treatment with the highest nail-holding ability.

Most is used structurally, for floor and roof trusses, joists, rafters and carcassing. Ease of treatment makes it particularly good for decking and outdoor use. Character and impact resistance make it suitable for flooring, panelling and joinery.

Eastern White Pine

Medium texture. Weight ranges from 390-415 kg/cubic metre. With its fine grain and uniform texture, it has good manufacturing qualities and holds finishes well.

A mainstay of quality construction and fine woodworking, Eastern white pine is a favorite for cladding, panelling, mouldings and furniture.

Western Pine
Ponderosa pine is light and soft-textured, with a uniform, close, straight grain that is delicately figured after dressing. It seasons well, with a minimum of warping and cupping. Sugar pine has low volumetric shrinkage and a uniform texture. Idaho White pine has exceptional workability with and across the grain.

Ponderosa pine (Pinus ponderosa), Sugar pine (Pinus lambertiana) and Idaho White pine (Pinus monticola) are valued primarily for their appearance. Ponderosa pine is suitable for any application that requires a light to moderately strong, splinter-free, stable wood, such as jointed drawers, windows, shutters and stairs. Sugar pine is prized for precision woodworking: patterns, piano keys, doors and cabinetwork. Idaho White pine is ideal for architectural mouldings and turned items.

Douglas Fir

The wood has a slight rosy cast; the sapwood generally a light straw color and the heartwood a deep russet brown.

Its appearance is prized for joinery, panelling, cabinets, flooring, windows and cladding. Its strength, straightness and ease of fabrication make it the perfect high performance timber for structural uses, such as metal plate-connected trusses, framing, bridges and large heavy members.

Spruce Pine Fir

Spruce-Pine-Fir is a grouping of wood species that grows in both the northern regions of the U.S. and throughout Canada. The grouping includes species such as Balsam Fir, Red Pine, Red Spruce, Black Spruce, Engelmann Spruce, and Lodgepole Pine.

general framing applications. In the higher, structural light framing grades, dimension products are appropriate for light trusses and other engineered applications.

Western Red Cedar

The sapwood, usually less than 2.5 centimeters wide, is almost pure white, while the heartwood varies from a dark reddish brown to light yellow.

Cladding, shingles and other exterior applications, such as greenhouses. Boatbuilding and marine structures. Interior panelling, window sashes and built-in furniture.

Bald Cypress

The bark of the bald cypress is brown to gray and forms long scaly, fibrous ridges on the trunk. Over time, these ridges tend to peel off the trunk in strips. The name “bald” cypress is probably related to this peeling habit.

You can use bald cypress successfully for both indoor and outdoor projects. It works for furniture, paneling, cabinets, doors, windows, siding, decking, and trim. Boat-builders find bald cypress excellent for planking, and farmers use it for barn boards, water troughs, and fences.

North American Softwoods

Softwoods come from the large family of cone-bearing trees that bear needles rather than leaves. Firs and pines of all sorts, redwood, cedar and cypress are typical North American softwoods made into board lumber.

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